The surname of YOXALL was a locational name 'of Yoxall' a spot in County Staffordshire. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The name was derived from the Old English word 'geoc' which was a measure of land and literally meant the dweller where the oxen grazed. Habitation names are derived from names denoting towns, villages, farmsteads or other named places, which include rivers, houses with signs on them, regions, or whole counties. The original bearer of the name who stayed in his area might be known by the name of his farm, or the locality in the parish; someone who moved to another town might be known by the name of his village; while someone who moved to another county could acquire the name of that county or the region from which he originated. The probable meaning is 'the dweller at the ford' which could be passed by a yoke of oxen'. Early records of the name mention Iocheshale (without surname) listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. Jokesford (without surname) was documented in 1203, County Staffordshire. The name was spelt Oikesford in 1254. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. Surnams as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. They were not in use in England or in Scotland before the Norman Conquest, and were first found in the Domesday Book. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. It was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) it became general practice amongst all people. The depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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