The surname YOUD is a variant of the baptismal name JUDE from the vernacular form of the Hebrew male give name YEHUDA - JUDAH, the name of Jacob's eldest son. This was not a popular name among Christians in medieval Europe, because of the associations it had with Judas Iscariot, the disciple who betrayed Christ for thirty pieces of silver. The name appeared in England at an early date and Judde Clubbe was recorded in 1260, County Chester. John Judde was recorded in 1279, County Oxford, and Alicia Jude of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll tax of 1379. Following the crusades in Europe in the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries, a need was felt for a family name to replace the one given at birth, or in addition to it. This was recognized by those of noble birth, and particularly by those who went on the Crusades, as it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. The name has many variant spellings which include YUDA, DE JODE, YUD, YUDAYOV and JUDL, to name but a few. St. Jude was one of the twelve apostles, probably the Judas who was one of the 'brethren' of the Lord (Matthew XIII) perhaps a brother of St. James 'the Just'. According to tradition he was martyred in Persia. His feast day is the 28th October. The Epistle of Jude in the New Testament was placed among the 'Antilegomena' or disputed books, by the primitive church. Many critics hold that it is directed against the Gnostics of the 2nd century. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error. Among the humbler classes of European society, and especially among illiterate people, individuals were willing to accept the mistakes of officials, clerks and priests as officially bestowing a new version of their surname, just as they had meekly accepted the surname they had been born with. In North America, the linguistic problems confronting immigration officials at Ellis Island in the 19th century were legendary as a prolific source of Anglicization.
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