This surname WYMAN was a baptismal name 'the son of Wimond'. An ancient personal name, which lasted in England until the Reformation of the 16th century. The name was derived from the old Norman VIGMUNDR and the name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Norman Conquest revolutionized our personal nomenclature. The old English name system was gradually broken up, old English names became less and less common and were replaced by new names from the continent. Most of the early documents deal with the upper classes as they were the first to realise that a second name added prestige and practical advantage to their status. Names of peasants are less common and rarely appeared in early times. The earliest of the name recorded was WIMUNDUS (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in chief in the Domesday book of 1086 in the County of Norfolk. Wymund Ater Walle appears in 1296 in County Suffolk and Wymundus de Ralegh was documented during the reign of Edward I (1272-1307). Johannes Wymond of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John Wyman, registered at Oxford University in the year 1527. Peter Wayman and Ann Bondd were married at St Mary Aldermary, London, in the year 1582 and James Wyman married Jane McAulay at St. George's Chapel, London in 1753. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. This surname is a form of the Scottish name Wemyse, found in Leinster as early as the 14th century, but now very rare. The variants Wims, Wyms and Wymbs are extant in north Connacht.
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