Winterbottom Coat of Arms / Winterbottom Family Crest
The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burke's General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered to the Lord Mayor of London in 1752. This English surname of WINTERBOTTOM is a topographic name, particularly from Lancashire and Yorkshire, for someone whose principal dwelling was in a valley inhabited only in the winter. The summers were spent in temporary shelters on the upland pastures. The name was derived from the elements WINTER + BOTTOM (valley). In some cases the name is also a habitation name from a place so called in Cheshire. The name is also spelt WINTERBOTHAM. Surnames can be divided into four categories; place names, occupation names, nicknames and patronymics. PLACE NAMES are the largest group and covers all those names first applied to people who lived in or nearby to a particular place. For example, Grove, Wood, Field, Meadow, and Street are obvious. Occasionally names were taken from obscure villages or hamlets which no longer exist and this can make research confusing. OCCUPATION NAMES cover nearly all trades which existed in the Middle Ages. These are numerous. It does not necessarily follow that such names as King, Duke, Earl and so on mean your ancestors were of noble blood. It is much more likely that such named people worked for the person referred to. NICKNAMES. This is a smaller group but in many ways more interesting. They usually originated as a by-name for someone by describing their appearance, personal disposition or character but which became handed down through the ages and did not apply to their descendants. For instance the name Black would denote a dark man, Little, someone small (or even somewhat ambiguously) someone tall. PATRONYMICS. This group covers all names which derive immediately from the owner's father. Many christian names which are also surnames have, over the years, lost the possessive form but the origin is still the same. Examples of this could be names such as Peter,Thomas, Henry - all names which became both christian and surnames over the years. Records of the name mention John Dowleye and Agnes WINTERBOTTOM, who were married at Prestbury Church, London in the year 1564, and Robert WINTERBOTTOM was the mayor of Stockport in 1653.
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