WINKWORTH was a locational name ' of Winkworth ' a spot in Derbyshire. The name meant the dweller by the sharp bend in a river or valley. Local names usually meant where a man held his land, or indicated where he actually lived. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. In the Middle Ages the Herald (old French herault) was an officer whose duty it was to proclaim war or peace, carry challenges to battle and messages between sovereigns; nowadays war or peace is still proclaimed by the heralds, but their chief duty as court functionaries is to superintend state ceremonies, such as coronations, installations, and to grant arms. Edward III (1327-1377) appointed two heraldic kings-at-arms for south and north, England in 1340. The English College of Heralds was incorporated by Richard III in 1483-84. Early records of the name mention Wineworthe (without surname), 1302 County Derbyshire.William de la Winkeworthe, 1275 Surrey. The Norman Conquest in England in the year of l066 revolutionized our personal nomenclature. The old English name system was gradually broken up and old English names became less common and were replaced by new names from the continent. Most of the early documents deal with the upper classes who realised that an additional name added prestige and practical advantage to their status. Names of peasants rarely occurred in medieval documents. In l086 the compilation of the Domesday Book was ordered by William the Conqueror (l027-87) king of England from l066. He was born in Failaise, the bastard son of Robert, Duke of Normandy.
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