The associated coat of arms for this name are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Granted to Henry de Wingham, Bishop of London 1259-1262. The surname of WINGHAM was a locational name 'of Wingham' a parish nine miles from Canterbury, County Kent. Early records of the name mention Henry de WYNGEHAM who was recorded in County Kent in 1273 and Walter de WINGHAM was documented in County Somerset at the same time. Hugh de Wyngeham was documented in Somerset during the reign of Henry III (1216-1272). Surnames can be divided into four categories; place names, occupation names, nicknames and patronymics. PLACE NAMES are the largest group and covers all those names first applied to people who lived in or nearby to a particular place. For example, Grove, Wood, Field, Meadow, and Street are obvious. Occasionally names were taken from obscure villages or hamlets which no longer exist and this can make research confusing. OCCUPATION NAMES cover nearly all trades which existed in the Middle Ages. These are numerous. It does not necessarily follow that such names as King, Duke, Earl and so on mean your ancestors were of noble blood. It is much more likely that such named people worked for the person referred to. NICKNAMES. This is a smaller group but in many ways more interesting. They usually originated as a by-name for someone by describing their appearance, personal disposition or character but which became handed down through the ages and did not apply to their descendants. For instance the name Black would denote a dark man, Little, someone small (or even somewhat ambiguously) someone tall. PATRONYMICS. This group covers all names which derive immediately from the owner's father. Many christian names which are also surnames have, over the years, lost the possessive form but the origin is still the same. Examples of this could be names such as Peter,Thomas, Henry - all names which became both christian and surnames over the years. Later instances of the name include Arthur WINGHAM of London, who registered at Oxford University in the year 1616 and Roger Bragg and Mary WINGHAM were married in London in the year 1618.
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