This English surname of WINDEBANK was a locational name 'of Windebank' probably from residence 'at the windy bank'. Many small spots would naturally bear this name. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe. Early records mention WINDBANKE (without surname) who was recorded in 1273 in County Yorkshire, and Edwin WINDEBANCK of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Nan of Windebank, 1422, Ashton-under-Lyne. Francis Windebank of London, registered at Oxford University in the year 1599. Sir Francis Windebanke and Elizabeth Parkhurst, were married in London in 1686. Ottewell Timmes and Sarah Windebank were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year of 1792. The arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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