Wiglesworth Coat of Arms / Wiglesworth Family Crest
The surname of WIGLESWORTH was of the locational group of surnames 'of Wigglesworth' a township of Long Preston in the West Riding of Yorkshire. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Almost every city, town or village existing in the Middle Ages has served to name one or more families. Where a man lived was his means of identification. When a man left his birthplace or village where he had been known, and went elsewhere, people would likely refer to him by the name of his former residence or birthplace, or by the name of the land which he owned. The name was originally derived from the Old English word WINCELWORD, literally meaning the dweller at the enclosure. The name was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as WINCHELESUUORDE. In 1066 Duke William of Normandy conquered England. He was crowned King, and most of the lands of the English nobility were soon granted to his followers. Domesday Book was compiled 20 years later. The Saxon Chronicle records that in 1085 'at Gloucester at midwinter, the King had deep speech with his counsellors, and sent men all over England to each shire to find out, what or how much each landowner held in land and livestock, and what it was worth. The returns were brought to him'. William was thorough. One of his Counsellors reports that he also sent a second set of Commissioners 'to shires they did not know and where they were themselves unknown, to check their predecessors' survey, and report culprits to the King'. The information was collected at Winchester, corrected, abridged, and copied by one single writer into a single volume. Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex were copied, by several writers into a second volume. The whole undertaking was completed at speed, in less than 12 months. Early records of the name mention Johannes de Wykelsworth who was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Willelmus de Wyglesworth, 1379, ibid. Mathias Wiglesworth of County Yorkshire, registered at Oxford University in the year 1554. Benjamin Wiglesworth and Hanna Johnson were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1795.
The name is also spelt Wyglesworth.
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