The surname of WHICHELOW was derived from the Old English word 'wic' the dweller in the village hamlet or town. The name appears to have applied to someone who lived in an outlying settlement, dependant on a larger village, and the term appears to have been used especially of a dairy farm or salt works. The name is also spelt WICKLOW, WICHLOW, WICKE, WICKINS and WICH. The names of habitation are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages, farmsteads or other named habitations. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and in fact whole countries. As a general rule, the further someone travelled from his place of origin, the broader the designation. Someone who stayed at home might be known by the name of his farm or locality in the parish; someone who moved to another town might be known by the name of his village; while someone who moved to another county could acquire the name of the county or region from which he originated. Early records of the name mention Alueredus de UUIC, who was documented in the year 1094 in County Somerset. William atte WYKLOWE, appears in 1273 in County Oxford. Other records of the name mention Thomas de la WICKLOW who was recorded in County Norfolk in 1275, and Henry de WICHLOW appears in 1279 in Berkshire. Willelmus WYKLOWE of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Johanna WYKYN ibid, and Thomas WICHELOW was documented in County Lancashire in 1400. Thomas, son of Samuell WICKINS was baptised at St. Peter. Cornhill, London in 1667. John WICKEN and Isabel Mellen were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1678. Edward Radclyff and Harriot WICKING were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1808. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1066. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) that second names became common practice amongst all people. A later instance of the name mentions Bejamin Tiplady who married Ann Wicks at St. Peter, Cornhill, London 1891.
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