The associated arms of the name WHEELTONE are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. They were granted to John Wheelton Esq., of Haslemere, County Surrey and London who was sheriff of London and Middlesex between 1839 and 1840, during which year occured the celebrated contest between the House of Commons and the Court of Queen's Bench, relative to the case of Stockdale v. Hansard; the Commmons having considered the executing of the Queen's writ against their printer, an infringement of privilege, the Sheriffs of London were committed to the custody of the Serjeant-at-Arms and suffered a temporary imprisonment.
The name was originally a locational name meaning one who came from WHEELTON in County Lancashire. The name was derived from the Old English word HWEOLTUN, the first element HWEOL literally meaning wheel, possibly denoting that the original bearer of the name resided near a water-wheel. Early records of the name mention WELTONA (without surname) who was recorded in 1160, County Lancashire, and WHELTON (without surname) was recorded in 1200. Roger de Weeltone was documented in Bedfordshire in 1273. A later instance of the name includes Edmund Welton and Emma Bradshaw, who were recorded in the Marriage Licence of London in 1638.
Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name.
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