The surname of WHARTON was a locational name 'of Wharton' places in Cheshire and Lincolnshire. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention Warton (without surname) listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. Wartona (without surname) was documented in the year 1139 in County Cheshire. The small villages of Europe, or royal and noble households, even large religious dwellings and monastries, gave rise to many family names, which reflected the occupation or profession of the original bearer of the name. Following the Crusades in Europe in the 11th 12th and 13th centuries a need was felt for an additional name. This was recognized by those of gentle birth, who realised that it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error. They were an ancient Norman family established in Ireland under Sir John de Courcy, Earl of Ulster AD 1177. Andrew Savage of Portaferry representative of this family on inheriting the fortune of his maternal grand-uncle assumed the surname and Arms of Nuggent by Royal Licence, 1812. An interesting member of the name was Philip, Duke of Wharton (1698-1731), the Irish politician. He was given an Irish dukedom in 1718 for his support of the government in the Irish House of Peers. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered at Kirkby-Thore, County Westmorland.
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