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Westmoreland Coat of Arms / Westmoreland Family Crest

Westmoreland Coat of Arms / Westmoreland Family Crest

The surname of WESTMORELAND was a locational name 'of Westmoreland' a native of that county who has gone to reside outside its borders. The earliest of the name on record appears to be WESTMORINGLAND (without surname) who was recorded in the year 966, and WESTMERIELAND (without surname) was documented in the year 1190. The names of habitation are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages, farmsteads or other named habitations. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and in fact whole countries. As a general rule, the further someone travelled from his place of origin, the broader the designation. Someone who stayed at home might be known by the name of his farm or locality in the parish; someone who moved to another town might be known by the name of his village; while someone who moved to another county could acquire the name of the county or region from which he originated. The name was originally found with the Old English spelling of Wesmoringaland literally meaning 'the territory of the people living west of the moors' i.e. the Pennines. Other records of the name mention Johannes Westmerland, of Yorkshire, listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Edward Westmorland appears in Yorkshire in 1400. Later instances of the name include Mathyas Westmerland and Elyzabeth Pecke who were married at St. Antholin, London in the year 1600 and Robert Westmorland married Mary Keen, in the year of 1791 in the same church. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.

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Last Updated: April 12th, 2023

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