The surname of WESTERN was a locational name 'one who lived to the west of the village or town'. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The name was derived from the Old English WESTAN-TUN. Early records of the name mention Godwinus de Westuna, listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. Adestan de Westuna, was documented in the year 1086, in county Cornwall. Johannes Westryn of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Samuel Western and Anna Maria Finch, were married in London in the year 1690. James Dolliffe and Anne Western were married at St. George's Chapel, Mayfair, London in the year 1735. Joseph Westron and Martha Palmer were married at the same church in the year 1749. There are places of the name in Lanarkshire and a Weston near Dolphinston, Peebleshire. The earliest of the name on record in Scotland is William de Westone, 1296. John of Westone was a juror on an inquisition at Peebles in the year 1304 and William Westone was in the King of England's service in France in 1369. Thomas Westoun forfeited his lands in the reign of David II. Thomas Westoun rendered to the Exchequer the accounts of the burgh of Selkirk in the year 1566. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker.
The name is also spelt Weston and Westen. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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