The surname of WARWICK was a locational name 'of Warwick' the chief town of the county of the name. In the middle ages it was customary for a man to be named after the village where he held his land: this name identified his whole family and followed him wherever he moved. It could have been his place of birth, or the name of his land-holding. Local surnames, by far the largest group, derived from a place name where the man held land or from the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition such as "de", "atte", "by" or "in". The names may derive from a manor held, from working in a religious dwelling or from literally living by a wood or marsh or by a stream. Early records mention John de Warrewye, County York, 1273. John de Warewyk, County Oxford, ibid. William Warwick of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Richard Warwick married Hester Thruxton at St. Mary Aldermary, London in 1601. John Baker and Joane Warwick were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1619. Before the 1066 Conquest names were rare in England, the few examples found were mainly adopted by those of the clergy or one who had taken holy orders. In 1086 the conquering Duke William of Normandy commanded the Domesday Book. He wanted to know what he had and who held it, and the Book describes Old English society under its new management in minute detail. It was then that surnames began to be taken for the purposes of tax-assessment. The nobles and the upper classes were first to realise the prestige of a second name, but it was not until the 15th century that most people had acquired a second name. Richard Neville, Earl of WARWICK (1428-71) 'the kingmaker', English soldier and statesman, eldest son of Richard, Earl of Salisbury. He married as a boy the daughter of the Earl of Warwick, and so at 21 obtained the earldom. He acquired the earldom of Salisbury in his own right when his father died in 1460. In consequence he had so much land and wealth that during the Wars of the Roses he was able to hold the balance between the Yorkist and Lancastrian factions. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms 1884.
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