The surname WARD commonest in Ireland in the province of Ulster, but also widely distributed in considerable numbers in the other three provinces, is borne both by descendants of immigrant English settlers of the name, which ranks among the thirty most common names in England and Wales, and by descendants of native Irish families whose name in Ireland was Mac an Bhaird, the name of hereditary bards in Ulster and Connacht. WARD families of Irish descent are still well represented in County Donegal where their forebears were bards to the O'Donells and in County Galway where there forbears were bards to the O'Kellys. Mary Ward (1585-1645) was the English religious reformer, the founder in 1609 of a Catholic society for women, modelled on the Society of Jesus. She was called to Rome and the Society was repressed in 1630. She was allowed to return to England in 1639, and her institute was fully restored with papal permission. Ireland is one of the earliest sources of the development of patronymic names in northern Europe. Irish Clan or bynames can be traced back to the 4th century B.C. and Mac (son of) and O (grandson or ancestor of) evolved from this base, the original literal meaning of which has been lost due to the absence of written records and linguistic ambivalences which subtly but inexorably became adopted through usage. Genealogists and lexographers accept that the patronymic base does not refer to a location, quite the contrary. The use of the prefix 'Bally' (town of) attaching to the base name, identifying the location. The base root was also adopted by people residing in the demographic area without a common ancestor. These groups called 'Septs' were specially prevalent in Ireland. The first Normans arrived in Ireland in the 12th and 13th centuries to form an alliance with the King of Leinster. Mary Augusta Ward (1851-1920) English novelist. She was an enthusiastic social worker and anti-suffragette. She published 'A Writer's Recollections' in 1918. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour.
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