The surname WALLACE is particularly common in the Lowlands of Scotland, where it apparently referred to people from south of the Border as well as Highlanders. The earliest known bearer is Richard Walas (Paisley 1160) who had migrated from Shropshire to Riccarton in Ayr, and whose surname may indicate Welsh origin. Sir Richard Wallace (1272-1305) who defeated Edward I in 1297 was born in Paisley, probably a descendant of the Richard Wallace mentioned above. His surname also appears in the forms Wallays and Wallensis. The earliest of the name WALLACE is Scotland are said to have been followers of the Stewards who came from Shropshire. Richard Walensis attested a charter by 1165 and appears to be the first of the name on record. Adam Walensis witnessed gifts to the parish of Paisley before 1228. In August in the year 1305, Sir William Wallace, the patriot, and National hero of Scotland, resisted the English under Edward I and was taken prisoner and sent to London where he was tried and unjustly executed as a traitor. He was no traiter to the English King, for he had never sworn fealty to him. John Walays had a charter of the land of Tahurrystona in the barony of Innerwyk in 1372, and Sir John Wallace, lord of Craigie, was granted a safe conduct into England in the year 1444. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker. The Wallace Collection, was a collection of art treasures made by the Seymour-Conway family and enlarged by Sir Richard Wallace (1818-1890) and left to the nation in 1897. They are now housed in Manchester.
Alfed Russel (1822-1913) was an English naturalist and traveller.
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