This surname of VIGOURS was of the nickname group of surnames meaning one of vigour and liveliness'. The name is of French origin VIGOR, and was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. Surnames having a derivation from nicknames form the broadest and most miscellaneous class of surnames, encompassing many different types of origin. The most typical classes refer adjectivally to the general physical aspect of the person concerned, or to his character. Many nicknames refer to a man's size or height, while others make reference to a favoured article of clothing or style of dress. Many surnames derived from the names of animals and birds. In the Middle Ages ideas were held about the characters of other living creatures, based on observation, and these associations were reflected and reinforced by large bodies of folk tales featuring animals behaving as humans. Early records of the name mention Walter le Vigrus, who was documented in Worcestershire in the year 1221, and Henry Vigrus appears in 1256 in County Somerset. William Vigerus was recorded in 1279 in Oxford, and William Vigerous appears in 1305 in London. Surnames before the Norman Conquest of 1066 were rare in England having been brought by the Normans when William the Conqueror invaded the shores. The practice spread to Scotland and Ireland by the 12th century, and in Wales they appeared as late as the 16th century. Most surnames can be traced to one of four sources, locational, from the occupation of the original bearer, nicknames or simply font names based on the first name of the parent being given as the second name to their child. Later instances of the name mention Lewis Vigures of County Devon, who registered at Oxford University in the year 1598, and Christopher Vigures of Devon, enrolled there in 1606. Walter Vigure and Elizabeth Raminge were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1643, and Samuel Vigars and Grace Bridham wed at St. George's Chapel, Mayfair, London in 1746. William Vigers and Anne Hitchen were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1801.
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