This Dutch surname of VANDERPOOL is of two-fold origin. It was a topographic name for someone who lived by a pool or pond, derived from the Dutch word POL. It was also a baptismal name meaning 'the son of Paul' which was derived from the given Latin name PAULUS (small) a popular 11th and 12th century font name. This given name has always been popular in Christendom. It was the name adopted by the Pharisee Saul of Tarsus after his conversion to Christianity on the road to Damascus (ADc.34) He was a most energetic missionary to the gentiles in the Roman Empire, and perhaps played a more significant role than any other of Christ's followers in establishing Christianity as a major world religion. The name was borne also by numerous other early saints. The surname is also occasionally borne by Jews, The name is also spelt POHL, POL, POLL, POLS, Van den POLL and POLMAN. The Dutch language is most closely related to Low German, and its surnames have been influenced both by German and French naming practices. The preposition 'van' is found especially with habitation names, and the 'de' mainly with nicknames. Compared to other countries, Dutch heraldry is notably simpler, some of the shields bearing only a single charge. Generally speaking one helmet, one shield and one crest has been used, quartering is uncommon and mottoes are rare. A notable member of the name is Frederick POHL, born in 1919, the American science fiction writer. In 1938 he became a founder-member of a group of left-wing science fiction writers known as the Futurists. He served in the air force in World War II, worked as a litery agent, and edited various science fiction magazines. His books include 'The Space Merchants' (1953) and 'Gladiator-at-Law' (1955). A minor notable of the name is John Florian POHL, born on the 25th August, 1903. He is an Orthopaedic Surgeon, and his appointments have included Clinical Assistant Professor, at the University of Minnesota from 1937 until 1948, and Orthopaedic Consultant of the Minneapolis Board of Education. He is the author of many articles in medical journals.
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