The surname TYRA was a variant of the Anglicized McTYRE which derived from the Gaelic Mac an Tsaoir, a name meaning 'the son of the carpenter'. It was also a locational name from a place called Tyrie in the county of Perthshire and in Ulster called Ballymacateer in County Armagh. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. They were not in use in England or in Scotland before the Norman Conquest, and were first found in the Domesday Book. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. It was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) it became general practice amongst all people. Early records of the name mention Maurice de Tire, who witnessed a charter by William Maule of Panmure in 1292 and as Morice de Tiry of Perthshire he rendered homage in 1296. John Tyre was rector of the parish church of Balingre, 1475 and in 1485 Gilbert Tyrye was vicar of Cargill, Perthshire. The Tyries of Drumkilto, Perthshire, were ardent supporters of the royalist cause, and a family of Tyrie long owned the lands of Dunnideer in the Garioch and later were 'gryte Jacobites.' Alexander McIntyre was documented in 1390. Duncan Bak McIntyre was the English name of Donnchadh Ban Macan t-Saoir (1724-1812) Gaelic poet and gamekeeper of Beinnodorrain, born in Glenorchy, Argyll. He worked as a forester, fought as a Hanovarian at Falkirk in 1746, and from 1799 to 1806 was one of the City Guard of Edinburgh. He composed a great deal of nature poetry, which was written down by the minister's son at Killin, for the poet was illiterate.
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