The surname TURFREY was of the baptismal group of surnames ' the son of Thorfrey ' a name that was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name derived from the Old Norman PORFROUR. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. They were not in use in England or in Scotland before the Norman Conquest, and were first found in the Domesday Book. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. It was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) it became general practice amongst all people. Early records of the name mention Turfredus in the Domesday Book, 1086, Godric Turuerde, 1095, County Sussex, John Torfray, 1273, County Oxford. Augustin Clarke and Katherine Tolefree were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1599. The name is also spelt Tolfree, and occasionally abbreviated to Fray. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour.
Surnames before the Norman Conquest of 1066 were rare in England having been brought by the Normans when William the Conqueror invaded the shores. The practice spread to Scotland and Ireland by the 12th century, and in Wales they appeared as late as the 16th century. Most surnames can be traced to one of four sources, locational, from the occupation of the original bearer, nicknames or simply font names based on the first name of the parent being given as the second name to their child.EM
Translation: A Talbot denotes Vigilancy, Valour and Perseverance. Argent (white) means peace and sincerity. Gules (red) denotes Military Fortitude and Magnanimity. Fretty was the emblem of a noble personage.
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