This English surname of TRULL is a locational name meaning 'one who came from TROWELL' (tree stream) in Nottinghamshire, or from a place in Northumberland with the same meaning. The name is also spelt TROWL, TROWLE and TRUELL. The name was brought into England by early Scandinavian settlers, and the earliest of the name on record appears to be TROWALLE (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. TROWELLA (without surname) was recorded in Northumberland in the year 1166. The Scandinavian element in English place names is very considerable. It is an outcome of the extensive Scandinavian settlements made in England from the latter half of the ninth century onwards. They were mostly Danes, but in the north-western parts of the country such as Cheshire, Lancashire, Westmorland, Cumberland and West Yorkshire, the settlers were mostly Norwegians. Many English names adopted by Scandinavians were changed in form to conform better to Scandinavian habits of speech. Later instances of the name include Richard de TRUWELL, who was documented in County Lincolnshire in the year 1273, and Batin de TROWELL was recorded in Wiltshire during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries. The name is of a landed gentry family which have been in County Wicklow since the early 17th century. It is possible that they came from TROWELL in Nottingham, but they may also have come from TRUELLE in France. There is no documentation to verify this.
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