Although of comparatively recent introduction this is the second most numerous purely non-Irish name in Ireland. It is mainly found in Ulster. THOMPSON was originally a baptismal name 'the son of Thom' a nickname from Thomas, a name meaning 'the twin'. It was one of the favourite personal names during the 11th century. Early records of the name mention Thomas (without surname) listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. Eborard filius Thome, was recorded in County Cambridge, in the year 1273. Abraham filius Thome was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Ralph Thommysone, was documented in 1381 in the county of Suffolk. Thomas Thomson and Mawdelen Langsen were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1602. Robert Thompson and Elline Lettuce were married in the same church in 1630. The name was taken early to Scotland, and John Thomson 'a man of low birth, but approved valour' was the leader of the men of Carrick in Edward Bruce's war in 1318. Adam Thompson appears as Lord of Kylnekylle, in Ayrshire in 1370. Johannes filius Thome was elected the baillie of Aberdeen in 1398. John Thomsoun was on an inquest to determine the rights of pasturage which the Temple lands had over the adjoining town and territory of Letter, Scotland in the year 1461. James Tomsone was a tenant of the bishop of Glasgow in 1511. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms of 1884.
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