This surname was derived from the Old Norman 'Porketell' and was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. The earliest of the name recorded is TURKIL (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book in 1086. TURKIL (without surname) is recorded in 1177 in County Northumberland, and Turkil Palmer appears in 1190 in County Worcestershire. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conquerer. It is known as the Domesday book. At first the coat of arms was purely a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards. Other instances of the name include Adam Turkild who was documented in 1283 in County Sussex, and John Thurkeld appears there in the same year. John Togel of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379.
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