This surname of TARTT is an Italian and French occupational name for a baker or seller of filled pastries. The name was originally derived from the Old French word TARTE. On the estates of the king or wealthy nobles, many servants were required whose specific duties were means of identification which developed into hereditary family names. The lord's oven, or communal oven, was the place where the villagers cooked their food. The bakers, like the millers were fond of swindling their neighbours. In many places both in England and France the peasants were fined for not baking at the lord's oven. When the great oven was hot, a bell was rung to inform the villagers to bring their bread or cakes to be baked. Other spellings of the name include TARTINO, TARTE, TARTER, TARTIER and TARTERAT. Despite evidence that hereditary surnames were in use in the Venetian Republic as early as the 10th Century, the origin of many Italian surnames is unclear. There is still a great potential for research into medieval Italian records while documented evidence indicates the adoption of the father's name as a surname is the most common form. The familiar endings of "i" and "o", meaning to be a member of a certain family, bears this out. Giuseppe TARTINI (1692-1770) was the Italian composer, born in Pirano in Istria. Originally intended for the church and the law, he abandoned these for music and fencing. Having secretly married the niece of the Archbishop of Padua, he fled to Assisi, but, after living in Venice, Ancona and Prague, returned before 1728 to Padua. Described as 'one of the greatest violinists of all time, an eminent composer and scientific writer on musical physics', his best known work is the 'Trillo del Diavolo'. French, or rather Norman French, was the language of the aristocracy and the upper classes in England at the time fixed surnames were being developed, it is therefore not surprising that many of our well-known family names are derived from French words. Originally only Christian or personal names were used, and although a few came into being during the 10th century, surnames were not widely used until much later, when people began to realize the prestige of having a second name.
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