This surname of SWYGERT is a Swiss and German occupational name for someone who took care of the cattle and sheep in the mountains, an Alpine herdsman. The name is also spelt SWEIGERT, SWEIGART and SWEIGARD. Where the herdsman kept the animals was important. In some places the lord of the manor had the unrestricted right to the manure of his own herds, and sometimes the right to that of the peasants. To accomplish the best results the shepherd had the duty of moving the flock around from place to place on the lord's land. Those who tended the sheep of the villagers, as well as the lord, was a function usually generally chosen by the villagers themselves. On the estates of the king or wealthy nobles many servants were required whose specific duties were means of identification, which later developed into hereditary surnames. Because of the close relationship between the English and German languages, some Germans are able to transform their names to the English form just by dropping a single letter. Many Germans have re-spelt their names in America. A great number of immigrants from Germany settled in Pennsylvania. After the start of the first World War, Germans in great numbers Anglicized their names in an effort to remove all doubt as to their patriotism. Afterwards some changed back, and then during World War II the problem became acute once more, and the changing started all over again, although not with as much intensity. Early instances of the name include Hannah SWEIGERT, the daughter of Isaac and Leah SWEIGERT (farming people) who was born in New Holland, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania in 1825 and died in 1898. Circa. 1862, John P. SWEIGERT owned a company selling agricultural implements to local farmers, from the 'Mansion House' at Gap, Lancaster County, PA. The firm was dissolved in 1882. German or Teutonic heraldry extended its sphere of influence over central Europe and spread into Scandinavia. It is most notable for its design and treatment of crests, most of which reflect the arms in the charge or tinctures (colours) or both, which is unknown in British heraldry. Teutonic Europe assembled many arms on a single shield, each bearing its corresponding crest on a helmet.
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