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Stutchbury Coat of Arms / Stutchbury Family Crest

This name STUTCHBURY was of the locational group of surnames meaning 'one who came from Stuchbury or Stutsbury' in Northamptonshire. The name was originally derived from the Old English word STUTES-BURG, literally meaning the dweller by the fortress or fortified place. Local names usually denoted where the original bearer of the name held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The earliest of the name on record appears to be STOTEBERIE (without surname) who was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086. In 1066 Duke William of Normandy conquered England. He was crowned King, and most of the lands of the English nobility were soon granted to his followers. Domesday Book was compiled 20 years later. The Saxon Chronicle records that in 1085 'at Gloucester at midwinter, the King had deep speech with his counsellors, and sent men all over England to each shire to find out, what or how much each landowner held in land and livestock, and what it was worth. The returns were brought to him'. William was thorough. One of his Counsellors reports that he also sent a second set of Commissioners 'to shires they did not know and where they were themselves unknown, to check their predecessors' survey, and report culprits to the King'. The information was collected at Winchester, corrected, abridged, and copied by one single writer into a single volume. Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex were copied, by several writers into a second volume. The whole undertaking was completed at speed, in less than 12 months. Stutesbiria (without surname) was recorded in the year 1155, and Stotsbur (without surname) appears in 1230. Stuttebyri was documented in Northumberland in the year 1228. The name has many variant spellings which include STUCHBURY, STUTSBURY and STUSTON. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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