This surname of STRICKLAND was a locational name of Strickland (originally Stirkland) in Westmorland. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Robert de Strikland witnessed confirmation by Alexader filius Walteri of his father's gifts to the church of Paisley in 1239. Robert de Stirkeland had protection for two years for going on the King of Englands service beyond seas, 1370. John Strickland of County Westmoreland, registered at Oxford University in the year 1618. James Strickland of Satterthwaite, was listed in the Lancashire Wills at Richmond in 1662. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. The name is also spelt Strikland. The burghs of Scotland owe much of their prosperity to the large immigration of foreigners which went on during the 12th and 13th centuries. The original founders of the towns, were in many cases wanderers from Flanders, who brought with them their habits of industry and knowledge of trade and manufacture. Settlers of this description came in great numbers to England in the reign of Henry I (1100-1135) and when Henry II (1154-1189) drove all foreigners out of his dominions they flocked into Scotland, where a more enlightened policy made them welcome.
The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
Last Name History & Coat of ArmsThe Armorial History Includes the Surname history with a full color rendition of the earliest coat of arms / family crest associated with the surname. This gift will be proudly displayed in any home and be the highlight of conversation !
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