This surname of STRASSBURG was a locational name which was applied to someone who had come from STRASBOURG a city in the Bas-Rhin departement, the capital of Alsace, France. The city was built in the 13th century, and the cathedral still exists. It was seized by France in 1681 and it was surrendered to Germany between 1870 and 1919 and again from 1940 until 1944. The name is also spelt STRASSBURG, STRASBERG, STRASSBERGER, STRASSBURGER, STRAUSBAUGH and STRASSBAUGH. French, or rather Norman French, was the language of the aristocracy and the upper classes in England at the time fixed surnames were being developed, it is therefore not surprising that many of our well-known family names are derived from French words. Originally only Christian or personal names were used, and although a few came into being during the 10th century, surnames were not widely used until much later, when people began to realize the prestige of having a second name. Notables of the name include Eduard Adolf STRASBURGER (1844-1912) the German botanist, born in Warsaw. He studied botany in Paris, Bonn and Jena. 'STRASBURGER'S Textbook of Botany' written with other botanists under his guidance, is a classic, much used in over 30 editions from 1894 onwards. Lee STRASBERG, originally Israel STRASSBERG (1901-82) is the Austrian born, American actor, director and teacher, born in Budzanow, Galicia (now in the USSR). He emigrated to the United States in 1909 and became a member of the Group Theatre in New York. In 1947 he was a co-founder of the Actor's Studio in New York, where the technique and discipline he evolved became known everywhere as 'the Method'. In 1969 he established the Lee STRASBERG Institute of Theatre. America was colonized by peoples from all over the world in a very short period of time, and mostly, in the case of French immigrants they have stayed together in Louisiana. Of the early immigrants to America the French have fared the worst in respect of their names, chiefly because of the difficulties experienced by the Americans in pronouncing them correctly. Many have been translated into English names.
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