STEEN is a Scots spelling of Stephen, which was introduced into Britain by the Normans, with whom it became a favourite personal name. The name is found in Fife, the Lothians, Ayrshire and Roxburghshire. Early records in Scotland mention Alexander Stevyn who was a tenant of Glenboy in 1472. Thomas Steuen was rentalit in land of Auchinnarne in 1506. John Steuin was a tenant of the bishop of Aberdeen in the year 1511, and Alexander Stevyn held land in Glasgow in 1549. Alan Steyn was a monk of Kilwinning Abbey in 1557. John Steyne was burgess freeman of Glasgow in 1575. The name was spelt as STEINE and STEYNE 1560, STENE 1551, STEVIN 1610 and STEWIN in 1565. This given name was originally derived from the Greek Stephanos, meaning 'crown'. This was a popular name throughout Christendom in the Middle Ages, having been borne by the first Christian martyr, stoned to death at Jerusalem three years after the death of Christ. The variant Stiven arose in Scotland at the beginning of the 19th century. A certain John Stephen of Charleston, near Glamis Castle, began to keep a journal in 1780 under the spelling Stephen, but by the time he came to write his last entry in 1830, he was signing himself John Stiven. Hereditary surnames were originally imported from France into England during the Norman Conquest of 1066. In the two centuries or so after the Conquest surnames were acquired by most families of major landholders, and many landed families of lesser importance. There appears to have been a constant trickle of migration into Britain between about the years 1200 and 150O, mostly from France and the Low Countries, with a small number of migrants from Scandinavia, Germany, Italy and the Iberian peninsular, and occasional individuals from further afield. During this period groups of aliens settled in this country as for example, the Germans who from the late 15th century onwards settled in Cumbria to work the metal mines. Immigration during this time had only a small effect on the body of surnames used in Britain. In many cases, the surnames of immigrants were thoroughly Anglicised. The late sixteenth century saw the arrival, mostly in London and the south-coast ports of large numbers of people fleeing from the war regions of France.
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