The surname of SPARKMAN was of two-fold origin. It was a nickname for a lively and happy man. Surnames having a derivation from nicknames form the broadest and most miscellaneous class of surnames, encompassing many different types of origin. The most typical classes refer adjectivally to the general physical aspect of the person concerned, or to his character. Many nicknames refer to a man's size or height, while others make reference to a favoured article of clothing or style of dress. Many surnames derived from the names of animals and birds. In the Middle Ages ideas were held about the characters of other living creatures, based on observation, and these associations were reflected and reinforced by large bodies of folk tales featuring animals behaving as humans. It was also perhaps used as a locational name for 'one who lived at the sign of the Sparrowhawk' perhaps an Inn or a meeting place where hawks would live. The name is also spelt SPARKS, SPARKES, SPARKE and SPACKMAN. Early instances of the name mention John Sparkman, who was listed in the Wills at Chester in 1545, and Mr John Godman (lodger at Mr. Spackman's) was buried at St. Dionis Backchurch, London in the year 1717. The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.
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