The surname of SKUDDER was an occupational name equivalent to the name Shooter, and was brought into England by immigrants from Holland. It was a name given to a marksman, one who made his living by shooting birds. Early instances of the name mention SCUDERE (without surname), who was recorded in County Kent in the year 1185, and Edwin SCUDDER of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Many of the modern family names throughout Europe reflect the profession or occupation of their forbears in the Middle Ages and derive from the position held by their ancestors in the village, noble household or religious community in which they lived and worked. The addition of their profession to their birth name made it easier to identify individual tradesmen and craftsmen. As generations passed and families moved around, so the original identifying names developed into the corrupted but simpler versions that we recognise today. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error. Later instances of the name mention Robert SKUTTER and Goodwith White, who were married at St. Mary, Aldermary, London in the year 1604, and Anne, daughter of Robert SCUDDER was baptised at Canterbury, Cathedral, Kent in the year 1690. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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