Sherrington Coat of Arms / Sherrington Family Crest
During the Middle Ages surnames were first used in order to distinguish between numbers of people bearing the same christian name. As taxation, under William The Conqueror, who invaded England in 1066, became the law, documentation became essential, and names were chosen from a man's trade, his father's name, some personal physical characteristic, or from his place of residence. In the case of the name SHERRINGTON it was a locational name from SHERRINGTON parishes in the diocese of Oxford and Salisbury. The name is also spel CHERRINGTON, CHARRINGTON and CARRINGTON. The earliest of the name on record appears to be CERLINTONE (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086, and CHERINGTON (without surname) was recorded in Warwickshire in 1230. William SHERINTONE of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. Later instances of the name include Alex SHERINGTON and Edith Horne, who were married in London in 1567, and John, son of William SHERRINGTON was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1642. Elizabeth, daughter of William SHERINGTON was baptised at St. Peter, Cornhill, London in the year 1662. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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