This German surname of SEABOCK was a medieval personal name composed of the elements SIGI (victory) + BERHT (bright, famous). The name is also spelt SEEBECK, SIEGBERT, SEGEBRECHT, SAGEBRECHT, SIEBRECHT, ZIEPRECHT and SEBRECHT. Surnames which were derived from ancient Germanic personal names have the same meaning in many languages. The court of Charlemagne (Charles the Great, king of the Franks (742-814) was Christian and Latin speaking). The vernacular was the Frankish dialect of Old High German, and the personal names in use were Germanic and vernacular. These names were adopted in many parts of northwest Europe, particularly among the noble ruling classes. Hereditary surnames were found in Germany in the second half of the 12th century - a little later than in England and France. It was about the 16th century that they became stabilized. The name was also applied to someone who came from SEEBURG (lake stronghold) or SEEBERGEN (mountain lake) the name of places in Germany. A notable member of the name was Thomas Johanne SEEBECK (1770-1831) the Estonian born German physicist, born in Tallin (now in the USSR). A member of a wealthy merchant family, he went to Germany to study medicine, qualifying in 1802, but spending time later in search of physics. In 1822 he discovered the thermoelectric effect, now much used in thermocouples for temperature measurement. German or Teutonic heraldry extended its sphere of influence over central Europe and spread into Scandinavia. It is most notable for its design and treatment of crests, most of which reflect the arms in the charge or tinctures (colours) or both, which is unknown in British heraldry. Teutonic Europe assembled many arms on a single shield, each bearing its corresponding crest on a helmet.
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