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Scruton Coat of Arms / Scruton Family Crest

Scruton Coat of Arms / Scruton Family Crest

The surname of SCRUTON was an English habitation place name from a place in North Yorkshire, so called from the Old Norman byname SKURFA. It meant the dweller by the enclosure, settlement. The earliest of the name on record appears to be SCURUENTUNE (without surname) who appears in the Domesday Book of 1086. Scrurvetone (without surname) was documented in the year 1185 in the North Riding of Yorkshire. During the middle ages it was customary for a man to be named by the place where he lived or held his land. This name would identify his whole family, and followed them wherever they moved. Other records of the name mention Johanna de Scruton of Yorkshire who was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Robertus de Scruton of County Lancashire was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Hereditary surnames were originally imported from France into England during the Norman Conquest of 1066. In the two centuries or so after the Conquest surnames were acquired by most families of major landholders, and many landed families of lesser importance. There appears to have been a constant trickle of migration into Britain between about the years 1200 and 150O, mostly from France and the Low Countries, with a small number of migrants from Scandinavia, Germany, Italy and the Iberian peninsular, and occasional individuals from further afield. During this period groups of aliens settled in this country as for example, the Germans who from the late 15th century onwards settled in Cumbria to work the metal mines. Immigration during this time had only a small effect on the body of surnames used in Britain. In many cases, the surnames of immigrants were thoroughly Anglicised. The late sixteenth century saw the arrival, mostly in London and the south-coast ports of large numbers of people fleeing from the war regions of France. Later instances of the name mention Matthew Pearson and Ann Scruton who were married at St. George's Chapel, Mayfair, London in 1749, and William Moffat wed Hariot Scruton at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1804.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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