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Schelling Coat of Arms / Schelling Family Crest

Schelling Coat of Arms / Schelling Family Crest

This surname of SCHELLING was a German nickname from the coin 'schilling' and may have referred originally to a rent or fee owed, or to have some other anecdotal origin, now irrecoverable. Surnames having a derivation from nicknames form the broadest and most miscellaneous class of surnames, encompassing many different types of origin. The most typical classes refer adjectivally to the general physical aspect of the person concerned, or to his character. Many nicknames refer to a man's size or height, while others make reference to a favoured article of clothing or style of dress. Many surnames derived from the names of animals and birds. In the Middle Ages ideas were held about the characters of other living creatures, based on observation, and these associations were reflected and reinforced by large bodies of folk tales featuring animals behaving as humans. Early records of the name in England mention Henry de Scilling, who was recorded in 1273 in County Norfolk, and William Schilling was documented at the same time. Cecelia Schyllyng and Willelmus Shilwyn of Yorkshire, were listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages. Later instances of the name mention Sarah, daughter of Gregory Shillinge who was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1565, and John Shilling and Mary Rider were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1796. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.


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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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