The associated coat of arms for this name are recorded in J.B Rietstaps Armorial General. Illustrated by V & H.V Rolland's. This Monumental work took 23 years to complete and 85,000 coats of Arms are included in this work. This surname of SCHELL was a Swedish and German nickname from the coin 'schilling' and may have referred originally to a rent or fee owed, or to have some other anecdotal origin, now irrecoverable. Surnames having a derivation from nicknames form the broadest and most miscellaneous class of surnames, encompassing many different types of origin. The most typical classes refer adjectivally to the general physical aspect of the person concerned, or to his character. Many nicknames refer to a man's size or height, while others make reference to a favoured article of clothing or style of dress. Many surnames derived from the names of animals and birds. In the Middle Ages ideas were held about the characters of other living creatures, based on observation, and these associations were reflected and reinforced by large bodies of folk tales featuring animals behaving as humans. Other spellings of the name include SCHELLING, SCHILLACK, SCHELLACK, SCHELLACH, SCHILLOGA, SHILING, SCHELLINCK and SCHELLINCKX. A notable member of the name was Carl Wilhelm SCHEELE (1742-86) the Swedish chemist, born in Stralsund (then Swedish). He was apprenticed to a chemist at Gothenburg and was afterwards a chemist at Malmo, Stockholm, Uppsala and Koping. He probably discovered more new substances than any other experimenter, but did not publish his results immediately, and so did not receive the same acclaim as others who made similar discoveries. Among his major discoveries were oxygen (1772) and hydrogen sulphide. He was elected to the Stockholm Royal Academy of Sciences in 1777. In the 17th century, so-called 'soldiers' names are found as the earliest kind of hereditary surnames in Sweden. These names were derived from vocabulary words, usually martial-sounding monosyllables such as Rapp (prompt) Rask (bold), or occasionally names of animals and birds. The names were bestowed on soldiers for administrative purposes, and no doubt in some cases derived from pre-existing nicknames. Most Swedes did not adopt hereditary surnames until late in the 19th century. In the absence of evidence to the contrary it is thought that people may have adopted their surname from the area in which they lived.
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