This surname RUMBOLT was a baptismal name 'the son of Reinbold'. The name was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Rimbault and Reinbold, and the name was brought into England during the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. The earliest of the name on record appears to be Robert Rumbald who was recorded in 1191 in County Essex, and William Rumbol appears in 1327 in County Cumberland. Other records of the name mention Roger Rumbold, 1373, County Cambridge. Reynebaud le Paumer, was documented in County Norfolk in the same year. Thomas Rumble of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379, and Edward Rombel appears in Yorkshire in the year 1400. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th until the 15th century. They had not been in use in England before the Invasion of William the Conqueror in 1066, when they were introduced into England by the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for a gentleman to have but one single name, as the meaner sort. It was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that it became general practice for all people. Later instances of the name mention Thomas Watts and Anne Rumball who were married at St. Mary, Aldermary, London in the year 1688. Daniel Prale and Mary Rumble were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1785. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
The surname is familiar to counties Norfolk and Suffolk. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name.
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