This surname ROTH was derived from the Old English 'ro' the dweller near the field of deer, from residence nearby. There is a place so called in Hertfordshire, and Rothend in County Essex also gave rise to the surname. During the middle ages it was customary for a man to be named after the village in which he dwelt, or from the land that he owned. This name would identify his whole family, and followed them wherever they moved. Early records of the name mention ROTH (without surname) recorded in Hertfordshire in 1199. John le Ro was documented in County Norfolk, 1273. John le Ro of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards. A later instance of the name mentions Robert Roe and Elizabeth Hart who were married at St. Jame's, Clerkenwell, London in 1630. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield or in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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