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Roby Coat of Arms / Roby Family Crest

Roby Coat of Arms / Roby Family Crest

This surname ROBY was a habitation name from Roby in Lancashire (now Merseyside) so called from the Old Norman RA (pole, boundary mark) and BYR (farm settlement). The name was also a diminutive of the name Robert. This name was found occasionally in England before the Norman Conquest of 1066, but in the main it was introduced into England by the Normans, and quickly became popular among all classes of society. Local surnames, by far the largest group, derived from a place name where the man held land or from the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition such as "de", "atte", "by" or "in". The names may derive from a manor held, from working in a religious dwelling or from literally living by a wood or marsh or by a stream. The name was taken to Scotland by early settlers and John Rob appears as a citizen and charter witness in Glasow in the year 1551. Entry money was paid by John Rob for the lands of Cornetoun in Stirlingshire in 1563. Beatrix Robbie and Issobell Robie were witches in Aberdeen in the year 1597. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write, signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.


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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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