This name REYBURN was derived from the old lands of Ryburn in the parish of Dunlop, Ayrshire. William of Raeburn witnessed a deed of resignation of lands in the barony of Drumelzier in 1331. Andrew de Raburn was burgess of Glasgow in 1430. Thomas Raburn was vicar of the choir of Glasgow in 1468. Thomas Reburne was a goldsmith in Aberdeen in the year 1463. The first people in Scotland to acquire fixed surnames were the nobles and great landowners, who called themselves, or were called by others, after the lands they possessed. Surnames originating in this way are known as territorial. Formerly lords of baronies and regalities and farmers were inclined to magnify their importance and to sign letters and documents with the names of their baronies and farms instead of their Christian names and surnames. The abuse of this style of speech and writing was carried so far that an Act was passed in the Scots parliament in 1672 forbidding the practice and declaring that it was allowed only to noblemen and bishops to subscribe by their titles. Later instances of the name mention Elizabeth Raburn who was documented in Lanark in 1488, and John Raburn held land and a garden in Glasgow in 1494. The surname early travelled north to Aberdeen where David Riburn was the burgess and guild brother there in 1409. John de Raburn appears there also as burgess in 1433, and Thomas Reburne was goldsmith in 1463. Sir Thomas Raburne was chaplain in the cathedral of Dornoch in 1544, and James Raybirn, was a bonnet-maker in Stewartwoune, Ayrshire in 1705. Sir Henry Raeburn (1756-1823) was the portrait painter. He was apprenticed to a goldsmith, but took to art, producing fine water-colour miniatures then oils. At 22 he married the widow of Count Leslie, a lady of means. He studied for two years in Rome, then settled in Edinburgh, and soon attained pre-eminence amongst Scottish artists. He was knighted by George IV in 1822, and appointed king's limner for Scotland a few days before his death. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Arms registered at St. Bernard's, County Edinburgh 1841.
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