The associated coat of arms for this name are recorded in J.B Rietstaps Armorial General. Illustrated by V & H.V Rolland's. This Monumental work took 23 years to complete and 85,000 coats of Arms are included in this work. This surname of REUS is an ethnic name for someone from Russia. The name was derived from the German word REUSSE. A noble family called REUSS trace their descent from Erkenbert, Lod of Weids, who was living in 1122. His descendants were appointed imperial stewards at Weids, Gera and Plauen by the Emperor Heinrich VI, in whose honour every male child in the family was named Henrich. Heinrich, the Young, Vogt of Plauen (1276-92) was bynamed de REUSSER 'The Russian' because he was the son-in-law of Sophie, daughter of Daniel, King of Galicia. The name was also an occupational name for a medieval cobbler or maker of shoes. This was an important occupation in the life of medieval Europe, and in the cities the craftsmen were restricted by guild laws. Shoemakers who made shoes, were often forbidden to mend them. This deliberate policy of protection for their members allowed only those members to fulfill their craft. The name may also have applied to someone who shod horses, the practice of nailing iron plates or rim shoes to the hoofs of horses was in regular use during the Middle Ages. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries.
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