This surname of RENKE was an English, German, French and Jewish female given name originally derived from the Old French word RAINE, and rendered in medieval documents in the Latin form RANA (Queen). The Hebrew rendering of the name was MALKA. The name has spread widely in many forms which include RAYNE, RAIN, RENNE, REINLE, REINK, RENNEKE, REINKE and RAGUIN. When traditional Jews were forced to take family names by the local bureaucracy, it was an obligation imposed from outside traditional society, and people often took the names playfully and let their imaginations run wild by choosing names which corresponded to nothing real in their world. No one alive today can remember the times when Jews took or were given family names (for most Ashkenazim this was the end of the 18th century or the beginning of the 19th) although many remember names being changed after emigration to other countries, such as the United States and Israel in recent years. Linden Hall Seminary was founded in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania in the year 1794. The descriptive account of the Hall is as follows:- 'This institution for the education of young ladies, came into existence at the request of parents living in Pennsylvania and Maryland, who desired to have their daughters instructed in the elements of polite education, while their physical and religious well-being should at the same time be specially considered and fostered'. One of the Principals of Linden Hall Seminary include one Samuel REINKE who presided from 1824 until 1826. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error.
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