This surname RIEBEL is of Polish origin, and was derived from the word RYBA, meaning a 'fish'. It was an occupational name, the fisherman or the son of the fisherman. Most of the occupations or professions reflected in family names are those known in the small villages in Europe, or those followed in a king's or important noble's household, or in some large religious house or monastery. During the middle ages much of Europe was composed of small villages, and the occupations would be used to describe the bearer. The name has numerous various spellings which include RYBIC, RYBIN, RYBKA, RIBA, RIEBE, REIBE, REIBKE, and REIBISCH, to name but a few. The earliest Polish surnames were patronymic. The personal names from which they were derived were mainly Slavonic, but as the Middle Ages progressed, traditional Slavic given names, began to give way to saint's names, mainly of Latin origin. Surnames derived from Slavonic personal names are of early origin, and tend to be borne by aristocratic families. References to the name include Jacob Johann RYBA (1795-1815) who was a noted Bohemian violinist and composer. In the 16th century Jan RYBINKSI was a secretary and magistrate in 1593, and several members of the family were noted clerics. Anton RYBINSKI was a captain in the army of Napolean I in the year 1808. Another noble family of the Empire bore the name RYBSKI, and traces its line to the 17th century. Jedraej Rybski was a renowned Jesuit scholar in 1678. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries. Translation of arms: Or (gold) symbolizes the sun and denotes Magnaniminty and Power.
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