The surname of REEVE was an official occupational name 'the reeve' a bailiff or steward. The name was also locational 'the dweller at the border of a wood or hill'. The name was derived from the Old English word EFES. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention Sampson le Reve, County Suffolk, 1273. Richard del Reves was recorded in 1332 in County Lancashire. John le Reveson, County Somerset, during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). John le Reve of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John Trott and Elizabeth Reeve were married at Westminster, London in the year 1638. James Petrie married Elizabeth Reves in London in the year 1686. Ann, daughter of William Reeves was baptised at St. Dionis Backchurch, London in 1729. The name was taken to Scotland by settlers, and the first of the name on record appears to be Adam the Reeve, who was a juror on an inquisition by the sheriff of Lanark in the year 1263. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884 Registered in County Norfolk. The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'. The College of Arms (founded in 1483) is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings. The Rose depicted in the arms is used as a distinction for the seventh son. The Distinction of Houses are used to distinguish the younger from the elder branches of a family, and to show from what line each is descended.
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