The surname of REDWOOD was a locational name 'of Redwood' a spot in County Lancashire. The name was derived from the Old English word 'RAEDWUDE' meaning the dweller beside a clearing of trees, from residence nearby. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention REDWORTHA (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. John de Redewode, 1273, County Northumberland. Most of the place-names that yield surnames are usually of small communities, villages, hamlets, some so insignificant that they are now lost to the map. A place-name, it is reasonable to suppose, was a useful surname only when a man moved from his place of origin to elsewhere, and his new neighbours bestowed it, or he himself adopted it. A later instance of the name mentions William Redwood and Ann Newton who were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1767. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. The associated arms are recorded in Burkes General Armory. Registered at Boverton, County Glamorgan; Granted to Theophilus Redwood Ph.D, of London and Rhymney, County Monmouth, and Lewis Redwood, Surgeon of Orchard House, Boverton). The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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