The surname of REDDIHOUGH was a locational name 'of Ridihalgh' a spot in County Lancashire. Local names find their origins in the villages, towns and areas where people were born, or from the land they owned. In the Middle Ages, a man was identified by his place of birth and almost every city, town and village existing medieval times has originated one or more family names. Anyone leaving his birthplace would be known to new friends and neighbours by the name of his former residence, his birthplace, or the land he owned. The name was originally derived from the Old English word 'riddyhough'. Early records of the name mention William de Redihalgh, 1324, County Lancashire. Robert del Riddyyough, 1397, ibid. Thomas Riddeough of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. James Riddihough of Preston, was listed in the Wills at Lancashire in 1678 and John Riddihalgh was recorded in the Exchequer Depositions in the year 1697. Surnames as we recognise them today are believed to have been introduced by the Normans after the Invasion of 1066. The first mention of such names appears in the Domesday Book and they were progressively adopted between the 11th and 15th centuries. It was the nobles and upper classes who first assumed a second name, setting them apart from the common people who continued to use only the single name given to them at birth. It was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that is became common practice to use a secondary name, originally a name reflecting the place of birth, a nickname, an occupational name or a baptismal name which had been passed on from a parent to the child, as an additional means of identification.
The name has many variant spellings which include Ridehalgh, Riddeough, Redheugh and Redihalgh.
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