The surname of REDDEN was a locational name 'of Redden' in the parish of Sprouston, Roxburgshire, formerly a grange of the Abbey of Kelso. The name is also spelt RODDEN, RODDAN, O'RODAIN, O'RUDDANE and REDDIN. The name was taken to Ireland by settlers where in Gaelic it is rendered as O'Roideain. They were a Dalcassian sept, the main family were hereditary stewards to the O'Briens in east Clare. Early records of the name mention Henry de Reueden who witnessed a charter of part of Auchynlec to Waldeus filius Boydoni between 1160 and 1180, and about 1180 Hugh de Reueden witnessed a grant to the Abbey of Kelso. Frudrick Reddein was the burgess of Linlithgow in the year of 1689. Families acquired a place name as a surname under three different sets of circumstances. Either the man lived or worked in, on or near some topographic formation or landscape feature, either natural or artificial or he formerly lived in a village, town or city and acquired the reputation of being from that place. Finally he owned or was lord of the village or manor designated. In the overwhelming majority of cases it is impossible to say whether a remote ancestor owned the manor or had merely once lived in that place. However, it is safe to say that in most cases a manor or village name merely identifies the place where the original bearer of the name formerly resided. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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