SURNAMES as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. They were not in use in England or in Scotland before the Norman Conquest, and were first found in the Domesday Book. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. It was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) it became general practice amongst all people. REBOURS is of French origin, an occupational name meaning one who grew grapes and reproduced wine. Most of the occupations or professions reflected in family names are those known in the small villages in Europe, or those followed in a kings, or an important noble's household, or in some large religious house or monastery. During the Middle Ages much of Europe composed of small villages, and many families surnames sprang from the occupation of the owner, and to describe a man by his occupation or profession was the most natural way to address a man, and set him apart from others in the neighbourhood. The name is also spelt REBOUR, REBOUS, REBOUT, REBOURSEAUX, REBOURSET and REBOUSSIN. A notable member of the name is Grote REBER, born in 1911, the American radio engineer. He was already an enthusiastic radio 'ham' when he began his studies at the Illinois Institute of Technology. He built the first radio telescope, 31 feet in diameter in his own back yard, and for several years after its completion in 1938 he was the only radio astronomer in the world. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Rietstaps Armorial General. Registered in Normandy, France.
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