The surname of RAUTENBERG is an Ashkenazic Jewish habitation name from a place so called in West Bavaria, or possibly from some other place similarly named, for instance a place in Upper Lusatia in East Germany. The name is also spelt ROTTENBERG, RUTTENBERG, ROUTENBERG, ROTHENBER and RUTBERG. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. A minor notable of the name was Norman A. ROTHENBERG, born on the 27th January, 1922. He was a veterinarian in private practice in North Hollywood, California. He was Councillor for the Southern Californian Veterinary Medicine Association, and author of several articles in professional journals. Surnames which were derived from ancient Germanic personal names have the same meaning in many languages. The court of Charlemagne (Charles the Great, king of the Franks (742-814) was Christian and Latin speaking). The vernacular was the Frankish dialect of Old High German, and the personal names in use were Germanic and vernacular. These names were adopted in many parts of northwest Europe, particularly among the noble ruling classes. Hereditary surnames were found in Germany in the second half of the 12th century - a little later than in England and France. It was about the 16th century that they became stabilized. German or Teutonic heraldry extended its sphere of influence over central Europe and spread into Scandinavia. It is most notable for its design and treatment of crests, most of which reflect the arms in the charge or tinctures (colours) or both, which is unknown in British heraldry. Teutonic Europe assembled many arms on a single shield, each bearing its corresponding crest on a helmet.
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