This surname of QUEEN is a French nickname from the Norman forms of the Old French word CHIENNE (bitch). The name was rendered in medieval documents in the Latin form CANIS. It was also a topographic name for someone who lived by an oak tree, from a Norman or Picard form of CHENE. The name is also spelt QUESNE, DUQUESNE, QUESNET, QUENET, QUESNEL, QUENEL, QUESNAY and DUQUESNAY. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066, and the earliest of the name on record appears to be Matilda le QUEN, who was recorded in County Oxford in the year 1273. Alicia QWENE of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379, and Johannes QUENESON appears in the same document. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries. A later instance of the name includes Richard QUENE who registered at Oxford University in the year 1511. Notable members of the name include Ellery QUEEN (1905-82) pseudonym of Frederick Dannay and his cousin Manfred B Lee, American writers of crime fiction, both born in Brooklyn, New York. As business men they entered for a detective-story competition and won with 'The Roman Hat Mystery' (1929). From then on they concentrated on detective fiction. In 1941 they founded Ellery QUEEN's Mystery Magazine. The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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